Testicular Cancer Treatment
Symptoms and Treatment Near Scranton, PA
Testicular cancer is actually a more rare form of cancer and is easy to detect, making it very treatable. Like any cancer however, getting an early diagnosis is important, and knowing what to look for is the first step.
If you believe you may have testicular cancer, make an appointment with Dr. Rittenberg at Riverview Urologic Associates by calling (570) 288-3601.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
It is very important to check yourself for testicular cancer once in awhile. Signs of testicular cancer include:
- A lump on, or an enlarged, testicle (sometimes without pain)
- Pain or numbness in the abdomen and groin area
- Pain and discomfort near your testicle or scrotum
- Heavy feeling in the scrotum
- A collection of fluid in the scrotum
Most of the time, cancer only affects one testicle. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, make an appointment with Dr. Rittenberg to get a proper exam and diagnosis.
Risk factors of Testicular Cancer
Like many cancers, specific causes are unknown. However, there are risk factors that contribute to testicular cancer that include:
Age – Testicular cancer is most common in men between the ages of 15-35
Family History – There is an increased risk of getting testicular cancer if a family member has had it
Unusual Testicle Development – Conditions such as an descended testicle or Klinefelter’s syndrome can increase your risk of getting testicular cancer
Preventing Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer is very easy to treat because it’s easy to detect due to obvious, external symptoms. The first sign of the early stages of testicular cancer is usually a lump. Therefore self-examination is the best preventative measure against testicular cancer. Here’s how you can perform a self-exam:
- Check yourself once a month
- The best time is during or after your shower
- Exam each testicle with both hands, rolling gently between your fingers to feel for abnormalities
- Stand in front of a mirror and look for swelling around the area
If you’re unsure about your self-diagnosis, making an appointment with [doctor] even if you think you may notice a sign of testicular cancer is always a good idea. The earlier you may detect it, the easier it is to treat.
Dr. Rittenberg may perform ultrasounds or blood tests to diagnose the cancer.
What are the Treatment Options of Testicular Cancer?
If it is determined you have testicular cancer, there are a few options.
Surgery to remove your testicle – This is one of the most common treatments for testicular cancer at most stages. If you choose, you have the option to replace it with a prosthetic.
Surgery to remove lymph nodes – This procedure involves the surgeon making an incision in your abdomen and removing the cancerous lymph nodes. Sometimes nerves can be damaged in the process.
Radiation Therapy – This treatment is mainly used for specific types of testicular cancer like seminoma. This involves high energy beams like X-rays pinpointed at specific parts of your body. Sometimes this is done for a little while after your testicle is removed as an extra precaution. Side effects include fatigue, redness in the area and possibly infertility.
Chemotherapy – In some cases, this may be your only treatment option, or can be used in conjunction with lymph node surgery. This process involves drug injection regularly over a period of time. Side effects depend on what type of drug but can include fatigue, nausea, hair loss and possibly permanent infertility